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Lemon

SCIENTIFIC NAME(S):Citrus limon (L.),

COMMON NAME(S): Lemon

The lemon is an important fruit of citrus group. It ranks high as a health food. It is sometimes mistaken for the lime, but the lime is a smaller species and the lemon forms a bigger variety, with a rough, thin and loose rind.

Lemon is oval in shape and light yellow in color with thick, rough skin. When ripe it has pale yellow pulp, abundant juice and a small number of seeds.

History

The lemon originated in southeast Asia, probably in India or southern China. Its history is sometimes unclear because of the confusion with the similarly appearing "citron," a closely related species. The lemon was thought to have been depicted in Roman artwork as early as the first century A.D. Other sources state that the fruit was first grown in Europe in the second century

In the 1600s, physicians became aware that daily intake of lemon juice would prevent outbreaks of scurvy among sailors on long sea voyages. Scurvy is a vitamin deficiency disease characterized by muscle wasting, inability of wound healing, bruising, and gum deterioration. English ships were required by law to carry enough lemon or lime juice for each sailor to get 1 ounce daily, earning them the nickname "limeys."

More than 50% of the US lemon crop is processed into juice and other drink products. The peel, pulp, and seeds are also used to make oils, pectin, or other products. Lemon juice has long been used as a diuretic, diaphoretic, astringent, tonic, lotion, and gargle.

Botany :- The lemon tree is an evergreen, growing to over 6 m in height. Its toothed leaves are light green. The citrus fruit (lemon) is small, green to yellow in color, and oval in shape. Unlike other citrus varieties, the lemon tree bears fruit continuously.The plant is cultivated in Mediterranean and subtropical climates worldwide.

Uses of Lemon

Lemon has been used in food preparations and the agricultural industry to gel and stabilize foods. Important for its nutritional value, lemon possesses vitamin C, which is necessary to sustain the body's resistance to infection and heal wounds. Lemon also contains antioxidant, anticancer, hydrophilic, and antimicrobial properties.

Side Effects of Lemon

Toxicology reports include erosive effects on tooth enamel.
Toxicology

The erosive effects of lemon juice on tooth enamel have also been evaluated.One study finds loss of gloss, alteration in enamel color, and irregular dental tissue loss upon morphological analysis.

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